Qiang Writer: 周红令

周红令, Zhou, is a famous Qiang female writer, who also wrote a book “百年大震” (if translated directly: earthquake of the century) about the Sichuan earthquake in 2008. Zhou was born in 1970s, in southern Sichuan, and has four siblings. The place where Zhou was born is an area called “若尔盖大草原” in Tibetan Plateau. Zhou’s mother passed away when she was three, and then her father died when she just graduated from junior high school. After that, Zhou was raised by her two older sisters.

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(Resource: www.mzb.com.cn)

Zhou started to learn literature, Chinesische Kalligrafie, and painting when she was in junior high school. To Zhou, those were something that she really enjoyed learning. In 1990, Zhou moved to Chengdu and started her carrier as a writer. In 2008, on May 12, right after Sichuan earthquake, Zhou went to Dujiangyan with desperateness wanting to find her husband. Luckily, she met her husband after eight hours searching. Then they were on the way to Wenchuan for their daughter and other families. However, this time, after 12 hours walking (no transportation available), the road to Wenchuan was broken by the earthquake, so Zhou and her husband had to stay in Yingxiu. When Zhou witnessed the rescue action, she then wrote the “走进震中映秀镇” – about the ruin, deaths, by the earthquake, and how the rescue was going in Yingxiu.

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(Resource: gb.cri.cn)

On May 19, 2008, the “走进震中映秀镇” was published by a publisher in Shanghai called “新聞晨報“. After that, Zhou spent about two years researching on everything about earthquake and wrote the book “百年大震”, which was published in the United States. The book was to teach the readers how to correctly and safely escape in a earthquake. This book is now available in many schools in China for free.

-Culture Fanatic-

 

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王安兰 – The Representative Of Qiang

王安兰, (we’ll just call her “Wang” here), is the representative of all Qiang people right now. She was born in Septmeber, 1987 (now 29). As a Qiang member, Wang also likes dancing very much. Especially “锅庄舞“. In 2011, Wang got her college degree at Southwest University of Science and Technology, majored in Mechanical Manufacturing and Automation, started worked as a technician in Mao County, Sichuan, China. In less than two years, Wang’s outstanding performance helped her received applause from her colleagues. At the same time, Wang also became the representative of Qiang ethnicity  in 2013.

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(Picture resource: tf.sctv.com)

When Wang was first interviewed by many journalists, she had a small note book in her hands. The notebooks wasn’t about the lines for Wang to speak in front of cameras. Wang had written everything down, about the future policies of Qiang culture protection and development, in her notebook. As another down-to-earth leader, Wang had paid a lot of attention to her colleagues, about the real needs of most bottom workers.

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(Picture resource: 83133.com)

As representative of Qiang, Wang worried about that Qiang culture may slowly disappear, especially the language. Qiang language is no longer spoken frequently in Sichuan, most people there speak Mandarin. Even Wang herself was not able to speak Qiang in a complicated level. In order to prevent Qiang language from permanent disappearance, Wang asked every elementary school to have at least one Qiang language class per week in Mao County. Facing many different ethnic cultures that come to Sichuan and might replace the Qiang culture, Wang is trying very hard to protect her culture.

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(Picture resource: news.xinmin.cn)

-Cuture Fanatic-

The First Doctor – Guo En Liu

Guo En Liu (“刘国恩“), born in 1958, is the first Qiang doctor, also the first Qiang who got a master degree. His college major was in mathematics, and he graduated (from Southwest University for Nationalities) in 1982. Liu also had participated in doctoral research at Harvard University in the United States, and was once a professor at Peking University in China.

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(Picture resource: edu.qq.com)

Liu is well-known for his down-to-earth characteristic. He was born in Wenchuan County, Sichuan, China. Liu’s mother is also Qiang, but his father is Han, who was exiled to Wenchuan County in 1950s. To Liu, he wasn’t raised in a very rich family, so when Liu was a child, he wanted to become a doctor (at that time, he wanted to become a medical doctor in a hospital instead of getting a doctoral degree) in his future. Liu started to sell some not-so-complex Chinese medicine (Chinese medical herbs) when he was sixteen but could not even earn the respect that he deserved (at that time, the local people were not very nice to any financially poor people). Liu worked very hard, and was very sad about what he saw and encountered – poor people couldn’t easily find a way for living.

The first opportunity for Liu to fulfill his wish was that Chinese government decided to implement the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (an standard entrance exam that every college applicant needs to take after graduating from high school) system, which made Liu be able to compete much fairly againstother students who are more wealthier than him. By the way, Liu is a smart, and very hard working student, and he got the best exam result in his county.

Unfortunately, the outstanding academic performance didn’t make him able to get an admission to any medical college in China – these medical colleges required not only exam result from every applicant. Liu almost felt despair when he knew that he got rejected by the medical college he wanted to go to. That was his biggest wish when he was a child.

However, while being very upset about losing the way to enter the medical college, Liu got the admission from Southwest University for Nationalities for mathematic major. Southwest University for Nationalities is a college that has strong concern in applicant’s academic performance and the entrance exam result, which became an alternative for Liu.

When learning mathematics at Southwest University for Nationalities, Liu also became interested in economics. After getting a BA in mathematics, Liu entered Southwestern University of Finance and Economics in China and started studying economics, and became a teacher at the same university after getting his master degree in economics. And after less than two years, because of his extraordinary performance, he got financial support by government and went to City University of New York in the United States, and go his PhD in economics.

Liu had taught at many universities in China, also was once an assistant professor at University of Southern California in 1994, and became a full-time professor back in China in 2006.

-Culture Fanatic-